April 11, 2023

"BED SORES" (Pressure Injuries) What You Should Know

"BED SORES" (Pressure Injuries) What You Should Know

"BED SORES" (Pressure Injuries) What You Should Know

WHAT IS A PRESSURE INJURY?

  • A pressure injury or bed sore is an injury to the skin (and sometimes muscle or fat under the skin)
    that is caused by sitting or lying down in one place for too long
  • Pressure injuries are given a "grade" (called Stage) of 1 to 4 depending on how deep they are
  • The skin that is over bony areas like the heel, ankles, hips, or
    buttocks are the most common places to find pressure ulcers/injuries
  • Other things that cause pressure injuries include the skin getting
    rubbed in one area for too long

WHO CAN GET PRESSURE INJURIES?

  • Pressure injuries are common in people who have medical problems
    and cannot walk, are in bed most of the time, have trouble with blood
    circulation, need to use diapers, or are very thin
  • Pressure injuries are common in older people, especially those
    with dementia
  • Pressure injuries can happen fast and are often
    hard to treat so it is best to try to prevent them.

HOW ARE PRESSURE INJURIES PREVENTED?

  • Do not lay or sit in the same position for a long time. Change positions several times a day
  • Eat and drink all meals and include protein (meat, fish, beans, and dairy products)
  • Check your skin regularly for red or sore spots. If you are in a hospital or other medical unit (such
    as OHU, or CTC) the nurses will check your skin at least once a day
  • If you use a wheelchair all the time, you should check your skin regularly and tell the medical team
    right away if you notice any change in your skin. Look for red spots or sore spots (you might not
    get a sore spot if you have no feeling because of a spinal cord injury)

HOW ARE PRESSURE INJURIES PREVENTED?

  • The most important thing is to keep pressure off the problem area. (Do not sit or lay on that area)
  • Your medical team will treat the ulcer with different medicines or bandages depending on how
    deep the injury is
  • Sometimes dead tissue will need to be removed from the injury to let it heal
    These injuries take a long time to heal.